History of air conditioning
The men of genius behind this modern day necessity
The rise of technology has helped us live a better life. From the first steam engine until today’s smartphones, there have been a small group of European men who have changed the world with their genius. Each one a mastermind proving that any of us can help to make the world a better place. The history of air conditioning is a fascinating story which we will only briefly touch on below.
Up until the advent of air conditioning it was common for large offices, factories or areas to have the middle of the day set aside for what the spanish call, ‘siesta’. Even in North America and parts of Asia, the hottest part of the day was reserved for a rest period. Some argue that the middle and west Asian predeliction for a nocturnal lifestyle stems from the fact the climate is so hot in their part of the world. The night provides a respite, cooler operating temperatures and a chance to get work done. However, in 1902, a young researcher took the leap forward and designed a technology that has been taken up all over the world to make indoor spaces more comfortable. In first world countries there’s actually a legal standard to which all office and employment spaces must adhere to air quality and temperature standards. All of this only made possible by a handful of men, and their development of what we know as ‘air conditioning’.
This Blueprint is the history of air conditioning
It was July 17th in 1902 when the world stood still in front of a young research engineer named Willis Carrier. With only 25 years and a mind full of innovation, he initiated a model composed of a few mechanical drawings. Inspired by the designs for a heating plant, a coffee dryer and a lumber dry kiln, Carrier found that in front of him, was a technology that can save the mankind.
Air conditioning was something that at that time, was considered as truly novel. However, for Carrier- it was something that will change everyone’s view on technology and create a groundbreaking industry that is both essential to a better global productivity – yet also important for our own comfort.
To the right is the first blueprint designed by Willis Carrier in 1902. The one that made air conditioning possible for hundreds of millions of people from every part of the world. Few know his name , or appreciate his genius, but many wouldn’t do without the air conditioner appliance they have on their wall today.
Father of refrigeration and air conditioning
As is the case with many other scientific advancements, the history of air conditioning is no different. Willis Carrier was working on another project he considered more important at the time – heating. During this research he discovered that liquid changing states eg : from water to steam and back again, created changes in temperature not associated with the energy used to produce the change of state. That the temperature variation could be increased using different mixtures of gases and chemicals. It is this ‘change of state’ that creates the cooling effect or heating effect that we desire, and which we force large volumes of air through, to tailor our rooms to maximum comfort. The name for the external part of your split system air conditioner is the condenser, and the name for the indoor unit is your evaporator, describing their functions. If you really want to add some mindf***k to your morning, consider for a second how these European genius innovators then decided cooling wasn’t enough, and set it so the system could be run in reverse, making the evaporation occur in the condenser and the condensation occur in the evaporator. That’s some serious achievement.
The first practical air conditioner
The first practical working machine the world had seen was made in 1902. It consisted of fans, ducts, heaters and perforated steam pipes for humidification, as well as temperature controls. Although only a prototype, the methods and structure is exactly how a working model is set out today. Many refinements have been made, but where would we be had Willis Carrier not put all this in place to create a machine which cools, instead of heats. (Note here that in New York, USA there is only a limited demand for cooling, as the climate is on par with Canada. Carrier was looking for a better way to heat, and it’s probable that he was wearing gloves and or thermal underwear while attempting to make his cooling machine work. ) LOL
The history of air conditioning advancement steps : The first unit to work was set up in 1903, maintaining a constant humidity of 55% all year round and with an equivalent cooling effect of melting 108 thousand pounds of ice per day. The opportunity was immediately seen by many people who figured that this makes the perfect counter for hot weather. Willis Carrier did not rest – but kept improving the model, refining the method and machine to the best he could in those early years. Without this man’s efforts many modern inventions in medicine and science would not be possible at all. The ability to control the indoor temperature and climate was such a huge leap forward for mankind, we believe it rivals the theory of electricity, flight and combustion.
By allowing absolute educational psychological warfare to be made on the minds of young Europeans, convincing them that the only way to redeem their people to is to stop breeding. By permitting them to even consider giving away our homeland of Europe, you are being scorned and cursed by every ancestor you had for the last 4000 years. Our Europe gave rise to such genius as Carrier, Da Vinci, Depretto, Benz, Gallileo, Pasteur, Daimler, Hertz, Adennes, Von Braun. Consider what your life would be like without the invention of combustion, electricity, flight, radio, refrigeration, mathematics, jet engines. If we allow Merkels madness to continue Europe will be a coffee coloured Brazil devoid of any inspirational genius within 100 years. Permanent Extinction. Nothing could be more dire for our people. Nothing should be more important in our minds than avoiding this catastrophe. The history of air conditioning, along with the history of flight, electricity, combustion and medicine will be only that : history. No people can continue our European scientific legacy of advancement without our unique genius and work ethic. Do you wish to be history?
Global Air Conditioning Statistics
Today, air conditioner units are everywhere. From Hong Kong to Brisbane, to Vladivostok to Johannesberg air conditioning has gone global. The illustration below is actually a research done by EIA on the rise of air conditioning ever since its invention.As you can clearly see, before the 1940, only a few people knew and used the air conditioning models. Nowadays, around 90% of the homes are using air conditioning – whether in separate rooms or integrated as a central air conditioning system.
According to another research by BSRIA in 2013, there were 17 million air conditioning units sold in USA, 9 million units sold in Europe, (an amazing) 43.7 million units sold in China and millions of units sold in Australia as well. Simply put : People are more productive, healthy and comfortable with AC. If Air conditioners were to disppear from the world overnight, whole cities and organisations would have to change their daily routines. Huge disruptions that aren’t even possible to predict would occur. If we lost the principles of refrigeration altogether hundreds of millions of people would be hungry if not starve to death. how would we keep food fresh ebough to eat or transport. That yoghurt you had for breakfast may have come from 2500km away. No more of that.
The most dire consequences of having no refrigeration would be on medicine and drugs. So many of our anti viral, penecilin, bacteria killing, life saving drugs cannot be manufactured or even stored without the correct temperature maintained. People would start dying again from preventable infections that today are treated with no more than a shrugf and pills. The hidden benefetis everybody obtains from refrigeration, air conditioning Mr Carrier and other men of his bloodline are innumerable and uncountable. We salute this man and all he has done for mankind. May he rest eternally at peace in Valhalla.
The Birth Of Smart Air Conditioning – A New Technological Era
An important step in modern history of air conditioning was the advent of the Inverter : or more accurately, it’s application to an existing air conditioning unit. In a nutshell, the inverter on an air conditioner reduces the power consumption by as much as 70% on some previous models. Through sophisticated micro-processing diagnostic and control kits, developers have solved this major flaw and found a way to automate the operation of the compressor as well as the air-flow system. It makes no more sudden power bursts or changes, everything is done gradually. Imagine moving like a chinese tai chi excercise, as opposed to chopping wood. The wood chopper expends far more energy as his actions need to be explosive and sudden, while the tai chi requires only grace and balance, slight changes in direction. Although inverters are always improving, a major win in the battle to reduce power consumption has taken place.
Solar Air conditioners
Air conditoners and refrigeration will no doubt take far greater leaps in technology in the coming years. Currently the ‘solar air conditioner‘ is being sold to consumers in growing numbers. We still advise against these units however, due to the initial costs. The price basically doubles and then some, in exchange for a unit that’s not twice as energy efficient. Also not taken into consideration are maintenance costs. Twice as many parts that can fail, far fewer men that can repair them. Is the initial outlay really worth the reduced running costs long term? We believe no, at this point in time, however that may change as technology improves